2012 Uluslararası Enerji Güvenliği Riski Endeksi’nde Türkiye en çok enerji tüketicisi 25 ülke arasında 19. olarak yer aldı. Dünya haritası üzerinde de 75 büyük enerji tüketici ülke arası karşılaştırmaları görebilirsiniz.
Türkiye ile ilgili raporun tamamı:
2012 International Index of Energy Risk / Turkey
– Over the past 30 years, Turkey’s total energy security risk has moved in fits and starts, but overall it has worsened, both absolutely and in reference to the OECD average.
– In 1980, it was ranked number five; in 2010, it ranked number 19. The deterioration in Turkey’s energy security has occurred almost completely across the board, and the gap between it and the OECD appears to be widening.
– Turkey relies to a large extent on imports, and its import exposure risks are higher than the OECD average for all fuels, especially for natural gas.
– In 1987, Turkey became a net importer of natural gas, and since 1990, it has significantly increased its net coal imports. These shifts have had a big impact on Turkey’s energy security and are clearly seen in the shifting trends in the country’s overall risk scores. EIA reports that Turkey could have as much as 15 trillion cubic feet of shale gas that if realized would represent a dramatic increase over the current reserve estimate of about 0.2 trillion cubic feet. Turkey also is looking
at potentially large reserves of natural gas offshore.
– Turkey has no nuclear reactors, but the government’s goal is to build 20 reactors by 2030 to reduce Turkey’s natural gas and oil imports.
– As one would expect to see in a rapidly growing emerging economy, the various energy intensity and carbon dioxide emissions measures also are worse than their corresponding OECD averages.[cm_simple_form id=2]